In July 1917, the Russian Provisional Government ordered the arrest of dozens of prominent Bolsheviks, after which Vladimir Lenin and Grigory Zinoviev moved to Sestroretsk. Lenin was disguised as a worker, his appearance was changed – in Razliv he did not wear a mustache and beard.
Initially, the Bolsheviks settled in a barn at the worker of the Sestroretsk arms factory Nikolai Yemelyanov, but after a visit to the village of policemen, Lenin and Zinoviev went to the other side of Lake Razliv. There they lived in a hut until August, when the party decided to take Lenin to Finland under the guise of a stoker on a steam locomotive.
In October of the same year, Lenin returned to Petrograd: a new revolution took place in Russia, as a result of which the Bolsheviks came to power. It was decided to perpetuate the place of “Ilyich’s last underground” in 1924, after the death of Vladimir Lenin.
In 1927, a monument designed by Alexander Gegello was erected in Razliv. “I examined the monument, I was very pleased. Lenin loved simplicity and strength. The monument is just like that, – wrote in the guest book, Secretary of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the USSR Abel Yenukidze.
In addition, a pier for ships was erected on the shore of the lake, and a model of Lenin’s hut was installed next to the monument – the original structure fell into disrepair already in 1919, which follows from photographs in the archives of the museum. The hut model is regularly updated so that the object does not deteriorate.
In 1964, not far from the monument to Gegello, a pavilion-museum made of granite, marble and glass was built, designed by the architect Valerian Kirkhoglani. Later, the territory was only landscaped: for example, in 1970, reinforced concrete block-letters with the inscription “Lenin” were installed in the park near the hut. Eight years later they were replaced with granite blocks.