State Duma approved in first reading billwhich criminalizes collectors: they face up to 10 years in prison for violence or threats.
Criminal liability under the proposed bill occurs if a person representing a creditor uses violence, destroys or damages property, threatens physical violence or damage to property to recover overdue debts. The dissemination of “knowingly false information” discrediting the honor of the debtor will also be punished.
The violator can be punished with a fine in the amount of 300-500 thousand rubles (or in the amount of the income of the convicted person for a period of up to 3 years), forced labor for up to 5 years or imprisonment for the same period with a ban on holding certain positions or engaging in certain activities for up to 3 years .
If these acts are committed by an organized group, then the punishment for its members can reach 10 years in prison.
Now debtors from abuses of collectors are protected only by administrative article 14.57. It does not imply arrest, the maximum fine for citizens is 500 thousand rubles, and for legal entities – 2 million rubles.
The explanatory note to the bill states that from 2018 to 2020, the FSSP accepted for consideration more than 78.3 thousand complaints about the illegal actions of collectors, and the number of such complaints is growing every year.
The initiative was submitted to the State Duma at the end of June. MPs have until November 23 to make amendments.
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