A 22-year-old Brazilian woman who was diagnosed with HIV may have contracted the virus from sharing underutilized manicure equipment with her HIV positive cousin, a new case study is reporting.
The woman, who tested positive last year after donating blood for the first time, had no history of transmission risk factors, which prompted medical professionals to delve into her history to identify any possible routes of infection. She denied ever having sex, which was confirmed by a gynecological examination, and her boyfriend of two years tested negative. Her mother was also negative and was confirmed to be her biological mother. The woman had also never received a blood transfusion or surgery of any kind, nor did she have any piercings or tattoos, according to the report in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.